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Flood Disasters Claimed More Than 50 Lives in 2005

Country Date Outline Damage Map
Notes

Thailand
Malaysia


From middle of November 2005
to
middle of January 2006


Heavy rains caused floods and landslides in the southern Thailand and northern Malaysia.


Thailand
- Affected area: Yala,Narathiwat, Pattani, Songkhla, Trang, Satun, Nakhon Si Thammarat and Phatthalung
- Human damage: at least 25 casualties (according to the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies), 368,500 affected families
- Agricultural land: 15,000ha inundated
- Economic loss: Business loss in Hat Yai of Songkhla Province, the commercial center in the south Thailand, is estimated to be more than 500 million Baht ($ 12.5 million).

Malaysia
- Affected area: Kelantan, Terengganu, Kedah and Perlis state
- Human damage: 7 casualties, 4,000 evacuated




[Thailand]



Precipitation in 24 hours reached more than 100mm in most affected areas.


Vietnam


From beginning to middle of December , 2005


Heavy rains hit the central Vietnam, and caused floods and landslides.


- Human damage: 60 casualties
- Houses: 550 collapsed, 5,000 inundated

Khanh Hoa Province
- Human damage: 29 casualties
- Economic loss: 300 billion Vietnamese dong ($19 million) due to inundation of 45,000 ha of rice and subsidiary crops.

BinhDinh Province
- Human damage: 8 casualties
- Economic loss: 50billion Vietnamese dong ( $ 3.1 million )

Daklak Province
- Human damage: 6 casualties
- Houses: 1,110 inundated

Phu Yen Province
- Human damage: 8 casualties









India
Sri Lanka



21 Nov. 05
-
25 Nov. 05

Monsoonal rains had hit the southern part of India for a month since late October. Particularly, torrential rains in November caused flood disasters in southern India and Sri Lanka.


India, Tamil Nadu
- Affected area: Cuddalore and Nagapattinam were the most affected areas.
- Human damage: 179 casualties, 3,440,964 affected
- Houses: 215,369 fully damaged, 167,033 partly damaged
- Inundation: 1,322 villages
- Rice fields: 284,126ha inundated, 100,882ha partly damaged
- Breached river banks and channels : 3,459km

Sri Lanka
- Human damage: 6 casualties, about 500,000 evacuated people, 63,000 affected families.




[India]





[Sri Lanka]


Precipitation in 24 hours reached 230mm in the state capital Chennai.

Colombia

26 Sep. 05
-
17 Nov. 05


Heavy monsoon rains hit the western half of Colombia.

- Affected area: 26 departments
- Human damage: 94 casualties ( 52 died in Antioquia department), 114 missing, 440,000 affected
- Houses: 1,985 collapsed, 20,000 damaged in 239 municipalities
- Rivers: Flooding of Magdalena River was reported.







India

21 Oct. 05
-
27 Oct. 05
(NE coast)


23 Oct. 05
-
31 Oct. 05
(South)

Floods hit the north east coast due to monsoonal rains, and southern India was also flooded by a cyclone.


West Bengal

- Human damage: 13 casualties, more than 300,000 affected, 125,000 evacuated to 1,200 shelters

Orissa
- Human damage: 400,000 affected
- Inundation: 899 villages in Balasore district

Andhra Pradesh
- Human damage: It is said that the death toll is 35. (the source unclear)
--- In addition, 111 passengers were killed by train derailment, which was triggered by an irrigation tank burst.

Tamil Nadu
- Human damage: 56 casualties, 4,000 evacuated
- Houses: 300 collapsed
- Agricultural land: 1,500 acres (600ha) inundated

Karnataka
- Human damage: at least 40 casualties
- Inundation: large area of Bangalore





- Karnataka government released excess water from the Mettur dam, which caused floods downstream Salem district in Tamil Nadu.

- Illegal developments of lakeside areas blocked water discharge, and caused more flood damage.

Vietnam

20 Oct. 05
-
28 Oct. 05

Floods, caused by heavy rains, killed many people both in central Vietnam and Mekong River Delta in Vietnam.

Binh Dinh province
- Human damage: 67 casualties
- Houses : 3,200 damaged

Long An province
- Houses: 3,560 inundated
- Although there is no official announcement on the death toll, it is said that dozens of people died in this area.







Guatemala
El Salvador
Costa Rica
Honduras
Nicaragua
Mexico
Haiti

01 Oct. 05
-
13 Oct. 05

Tropical Storm Stan caused floods and landslides, and wrecked Central American counrties, Mexico and Haiti.

Guatemala
- Human damage: 669 casualties, 844 missing. 1.5million affected (among those, 225,915 heavily suffered), 140,226 evacuated to 762 shelters (as of 17 Oct.)
- Affected areas: the Mayan villages of Panabaj and Tzanchaj, on the shores of Lake Atitlan were heavily damaged by landslides. 180 villages were isolated.
El Salvador
- In addition to flooding brought by Stan, El Salvador was suffered from the eruption of Mt. Ilamatepec on 1 Oct in Santa Ana.
- Human damage: 69 casualties, 44,000 evacuated to 465 shelters (max.)
- Loss of croplands: 1,800ha, $9million economic loss on agricultural sector
Costa Rica
- Human damage: at least 1 casualty, 1,500 evacuated to 24 shelters, 2000 affected in 6 states.
- Houses: 607 damaged
Honduras
- Human damage: 6 casualties, 40 evacuated families in Lempira due to landslides
- Rivers: Over flow of the Ulua River affected to croplands of 4,000 families.
Nicaragua
- Human damage: 3 casualties, 1,576 affected families
- Heavily damaged area: Chinandega, Leon, Granada, Jinotega, Carazo and Rivas.
- Houses: 13 collapsed, 50 damaged, 167 inundated
Mexico
- Human damage: 15 casualties
- Heavily damaged area: Chiapas, Oaxaca, Veracruz, Hidalgo and Puebla.
- Houses: 173,000 damaged, 2,254 collapsed
- Rivers: at least 30 rivers all over the nation flooded.
Haiti
- Human damage: at least 1 casualty, 2,000 affected families
- Damaged area: Grande Saline and Dessaline were inundated due to the overflow of Artibonite River.





- The Government of Japan announced to deliver about 12million yen worth of relief supplies including blankets and water cleaners to Guatemala and El Salvador respectively.

- Stan only became Category 1Hurrican around its landing on Mexico, after passing Yucatan peninsula as a tropical storm or depression.

China
(Incl. Taiwan)

01 Oct. 05
-
06 Oct. 05

Typhoon Longwang as well as torrential rains caused havoc in south eastern China, after landing on Taiwan.

Mainland China (in total)
- Human damage: at least 95 casualties (among those, 85 were armed police cadets stationed in Fuzhou, Fujian Province )
- Lands: 111,500 ha of damaged croplands, 530,000 lost live stocks
- Economic loss: 725million yuan ($90million)

<Shaanxi and Hubei Province>

- Affected area: 61counties
- Human damage: 4.6million affected
- Houses: 39,200 damaged
- Loss of croplands: 79,800 ha

<FujianProvince>
- Human damage: 3,710,000 evacuated
- Houses; more than 10,000 damaged

Taiwan
- Human damage: 1 casualty due to house collapse, 1 missing
- Houses: 7 collapsed
- Economic loss: 200million Taiwan dollars ($6.5 million)



Total flood damage in China from the beginning of 2005 until October, including damage of Longwang, is;
- Human damage: 1,247 casualties, 331 missing
- Loss of croplands: 15million ha
- Estimated direct economic loss: 136 billion yuan ($16.8 billion)

Nepal

24 Sep. 05
-
05 Oct. 05

Floods and landslides due to heavy rains hit the western part of Nepal.

- According to Dartmouth University and AFP, the death toll is 51.

Kanchanpur district, Mahendranagar
- Rivers: Dam breaks cased by the rise of Mahakali River inundated Indian border area.
- Houses: 200 destroyed, 43 partly damaged.

Dadelhura district
- Rivers: the Shirsha River flooded Dandelhula
- Human damage: at least 15 casualties (according to NRCS), 20 evacuated families in Jogbudha VDC, 6 evacuated families in Bagarkot VDC.






Philippines
Thailand
Laos
Vietnam
China

26 Sep. 05
-
05 Oct. 05

Typhoon Damrey hit south east Asian countries, and caused disaster, particularly in Vietnam.

Vietnam
- Human damage: 59 casualties (5 in coastal area, 54 on inland), 16 missing, 28 injured, 337,632 evacuated.
- Houses: 4,746 collapsed/swept away, 113,523 inundated
- Dam breaks: 275 meters of sea dikes in Nam Dinh and Thanh Hoa were collapsed, some breaking points in 54,000m of sea dikes.
- Economic loss: $ 220million
- Tidal wave reached inland to 3-4km in Nam Dinh and Thanh Hoa

China
<Hainan Province>
- Human damage: 25 casualties, mostly due to landslides, torrents and tree falls.
- Houses: 20,000 collapsed
- Lands: 704,000 ha of damaged croplands

<Guangdong Province>

- Houses: More than 10,000 collapsed or damaged
Lands: 6,600ha of damaged croplands

Philippines
- Human damage: at least 16 casualties, 25,900 affected
- Estimated crop loss: $1.1million

Thailand
- Human damage: at least 16 casualties
- Economic loss: 500 million bahts ($12million)
- Rivers: several rivers in Lampang overflowed.

Lao PDR
No detailed information available.




[Vietnam]


- Vietnam and China prepared for the approaching typhoon. In coastal areas in Vietnam, for example, the authority evacuated residents in advance, army and police patrolled flood-hazard areas etc. Due to these preparation, the coastal area in Vietnam suffered only from minor damage. On the contrary, the death toll in mountain area was high. It can be assumed that there were not enough preparation in the mountain area.

- On 12 October, the Government of Japan announced to deliver about 20million yen worth of relief supplies (tents, water cleaners, electric generators, sleeping-mats, intermediate wave radios and shovels) to Vietnam.

India

14 Sep. 05
-
26 Sep. 05

Cold front brought floods to central India.

Andhra Pradesh
- Human damage: 83 casualties
- Houses: 148,000 inundated, 118,000 damaged ( 34,218 collapsed)
- Agriculture: 429,000 ha of damaged lands, loss of 4,200 livestock

Orissa
- Human damage: 6 casualties, 11,000 evacuated, 19 fishermen missing (as of 22 Sep.)
- Agriculture: 25,000 ha of damaged rice plants

Chhattisgarh
- Human damage: 9 casualties, 3,000 evacuated to 3 shelters
- Inundation: 5 villages

Maharashtra
Human damage: 6 casualties, 46,000 affected in 196 villages




China (Incl. Taiwan)

01 Sep. 05
-
04 Sep. 05

Typhoon Talim hit Taiwan and eastern mainland of China. Although the typhoon got weaker after landing on the mainland, it caused heavy floods and killed more than 100 people.

Taiwan
Human damage: 3 casualties, 59 injured

Mainland China
- Human damage: 129 casualties, 30 missing
- Houses: 102,000 collapsed, 278,000 damaged
- Lands: 1,270,000 ha affected, 261,000 ha of damaged crops.
- Direct Economic Loss: 15.46 billion yuan ($ 1.9 billion)

<Anhui Province>
- Human damage: 63 casualties, 18 missing
- Houses: 39,700 collapsed, 117,300 damaged
- Direct economic loss: 3.4 billion yuan ($420million)

<Zhejiang Province>
- Human damage: 23 casualties, 2.3million affected

<Fujian Province>
- Human damage: 10 casualties, 15 missing, 2.5million affected
- Economic loss: 3.72 billion yuan ($450million)

<Jiangxi Province>
- Human damage: 7 casualties, 4 missing, 10,000 evacuated, 3.1million affected in 24 cities
- Houses: 7,100 inundated
- Lands: 210,000ha damaged
- River: two bank breaks along Liaohe River
- Direct economic loss: 1.7billion ($220million yuan)

<Henan and Hubei Province>
No detailed information available.







United States

25 Aug. 05
-
30 Aug. 05

On 25 August, Category 1Hurricane Katrina landed on Florida peninsula. After regaining its strength into Category 3 on Gulf of Mexico, Katrina reached to New Orleans, and caused deadly devastation.


Casualties
Louisiana: 1,086 (as of 3 Dec.)
Mississippi: 228 (as of 18 Nov.)
Florida: 11 (as of 26 Sep.)
Alabama: 2 (as of 26 Sep.)
Georgia: 2 (as of 26 Sep.)

Estimated direct economic loss in total: more than $100 billion
Estimated loss caused by cessation of economic activity: $ 100million per day


- The levees surrounding the city of New Orleans, more than half of which is below sea level, was designed against max. Category 3 hurricanes.

- Katrina caused 22 feet (7m) of storm surge, which triggered three levee breaks and inundated more than 80% of New Orleans.


India

24 Jul. 05
-
02 Aug. 05

Maharashtra and its neighboring areas were heavily damaged by floods and landslides due to monsoonal rains.

Maharashtra
- Human damage: 1,043 casualties (438 in Mumbai), 128 injured, 48 missing
- Lands: 225,000 ha devastated in 15 regions
- Estimated economic damages: 30 billion rupees ($690million).
- Due to landslides;
--- 90 dead, 35 houses were buried in Sakinaka
--- 100 to 150 people were buried alive (24 bodies were found) in Jui, Mahd
--- 200 people were buried alive, and only 20 bodies were recovered in Kondivita, Raigad

Karnataka
- Human damge: 109 casualties
- Houses: 24,176 damaged



- The rumor of dam break caused panic in a part of Mumbai, and more than 20 people, including children, died.

- The daily precipitation on July 24 was 944mm.

India

29 Jun. 05
-
04 Jul. 05

Monsoonal rains caused floods and affected broad areas, particularly Gujarat, Orissa and Madhya Pradesh.

Gujarat State
- Human damage: 132 casualties, 13 missing, 500,000 evacuated to public buildings e.g. schools and city halls.


Orissa
<Bhadrak>
- Human damage: 192,000 affected
- Lands: 4,783ha affected lands
- Embankments: 10 broken points of embankment affecting 2 blocks.
<Jajpur>
- Embankments: 4 broken points of embankment affecting 2 blocks
<Kendrapada>
- Human damage: 42,405 affected
- Lands: 5,850 ha affected lands

Madhya Pradesh
- Human damage: 37 casualties, 15 missing



Average accumulated rainfall in 24 hours between July 2 to 3 was 619mm.

China

17 Jun. 05
-
27 Jun. 05

Torrential rains caused serious flood disasters in southern China.

Guangxi autonomous region
- Human damage: 54 casualties
- Houses: 45,000 damaged
- Lands: 410,000 ha devastated
- Direct economic loss: 7 billion yuan ($ 843 million)

Guangdong Province
- Human damage: 70 casualties
- Direct economic loss: 4.3billion yuan ($518million)

Guizhou Province
- Human Damage: 80 casualties, 18 missing,
2,399 injured
- Houses: 4,080 collapsed, 45,000 damaged

Fujian, Jiangxi and Zhejiang Province
- No detailed information available



Until 20 June, more than 150mm of precipitation in 24 hours was recorded in wide areas in China including;
Longmen, Guangdong - 312mm
Jianning, Fujian - 188mm
Guangchang, Gianxi - 162mm

Afghanistan

16 Jun. 05

Floods due to heavy rains and hailstorms killed more than 50 people.

- IFRC reported there were 29 recovered bodies, although the Afghanistan government claims the death toll of 51.

- Houses: 2000 damaged
- Lands: 3,290Jirib (658 ha) devastated,
- Infrastructure etc. : 28,000 washed out trees, 92km of destroyed roads






According to the satellite images provided by CPC (Climate Prediction Center, NOAA), only 20-30mm of rainfall was recorded on Nov 16, and there was no rain (or less than 5mm) in the next day.


China

10 Jun, 05

Ning'an City, northeastern Heilongjiang Province was flooded due to continual rains.

- 105 out of 117 casualties were pupils of an elementary school in Shalan Township which was swallowed by mountain torrents.

- Human Damage: 117 casualties, 18,000 affected
- Affected area: 18 villages (3 of them were seriously affected.)
- Lands: 1,333 ha devastated



40 min of torrents (200mm) led the hazard. This was the worst flood in 200 years.

China

31 May. 05
-
01 Jun. 05

More than 15million people were affected by floods, landslides and debris flows due to heavy rains in central-southern China.

Hunan Province
- Human damage: 96 casualties, 38 missing
Guizhou Province
- Human damage: 49 casualties
- Direct economic loss: 340million yuan ($41million)
Guangxi autonomous region

- Human damage: at least 1 dead, 14,000 evacuated
- Affected area: 23 inundated regions

- Zhejiang, Guangdong, Chongqing City and Sichuan Province were also affected by floods.





Ethiopia
Somalia

23 Apr.05
-
14 Jun. 05

Monsoonal rains caused deadly floods across Ethiopia and Somalia.

Ethiopia
- Human damage: 156 casualties (reagional breakdown is unclear), 235,418 affected
<Somali region>
- Affected area: Jijiga and Wabe Shebelle River basin
- Inundation: 40 villages
- Human damages: 19 people were killed by crocodiles
<Southern Nations, Nationalities and People's regional state>
- Affected area: Arbaminch and its neighboring areas
- Human damage: 6,645 affected families

Somalia
<Northern part>
- Human damage: at least 5 casualties in Hargeisa, 1,000 evacuated
- Livestock: thousands of livestock were killed
<Southern part (where the Shebelle River meets Juba River and flows into the Indian Ocean)>
- Human damage: 67 casualties (due to floods or food shortage caused by floods), 25,000 affected families
-- 7 people were reported dead directly caused by floods in Bu'ale district.
- Lands: 20,000 to 25,000ha of agricultural lands were affected.





- The annual mean rainfall in the Somali region in Ethiopia is 250mm. The area is repeatedly and heavily suffered from both floods and droughts. The flood in 2003 claimed the death of 119people.


Pakistan

09 Feb. 05
-
16 Feb. 05

Many people lost their lives due to heavy snow and floods in northern Pakistan.

- According to International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent (IFRC), the death toll is 844.

Floods in Balochistan
- Human damage: 500,000 affected, 1,980,000 evacuated to 574 shelters, 4,000 families displaced.
- Lands:40,000 acres of damaged crops.

North-West Frontier Province
- suffered from three weeks of heavy rains and snow which caused landslides and snowslides.
- Houses: more than 24,000 collapsed, 65,000 damaged.

Pakistan Kashmir
- 20,000 houses were isolated. Residents lost their lives by snowslides, landslides and house collapses.




Baluchistan
More than 110mm rainfall, the highest in seven years, was recorded in south coastal area.

Northern Areas
The amount of snowfall, 12 - 16 feet (3.6-4.9m), was the highest in 16 years. 13.5 feet i4.1mjof snowfall was recorded in Murree, a resort area located in 55km north-east of Islamabad.


Colombia
Venezuela

08.Feb.05
-
26.Feb.05

Weeks of heavy rains caused floods, landslides, and serious damages to Colombia and Venezuela.

Colombia
Human damage: 28 casualties, more than 99 injured, 5,536 affected families (27,088 individuals).
Houses: 392 washed out, 1,180 damaged

Venezuela
Human damage: 61 casualties, 42 injured, 43 missing, 175,500 affected, 18,000 evacuated




Cold front brought the heavy rains. This is unusual for this season in the area.

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